Lithuanian Nomadic design studio Baklazanas has designed a map of Constructivist Moscow, supporting the studio’s stance against demolition of the avant-garde architectural heritage in Russia’s capital.
Baklazanas launched the intricate avant-garde heritage map, which features 180 examples of Constructivist architecture in Moscow. Iconic buildings such as Melnikov House and Lenin’s Mausoleum are included, as well as lesser known residential buildings and constructivist quarters and settlements.
The Constructivist movement produced many pioneering and unique projects that impacted contemporary architecture during the Soviet period in the 1920s and 1930s.
Constructivist architecture was born out of the wider art movement, which used advanced technology and engineering with a Communist social purpose. It grew from Russian Futurism.
All buildings featured on the map – workers’ clubs, schools, factory kitchens, garages, communal housing – are within the limits of Moscow Ring Road (MKAD).
The studio says many Constructivists architectural work in Moscow is either in ruins or under the threat of demolition so land can be sold to developers - who’ve been given the green light from the government - despite public protests and petitions.
Baklazanas says the buildings are under appreciated, and the map is a bid to draw attention to demolition plans and to show the “exceptional beauty” of the architecture.
Beyond purely Constructivist architecture, the map includes Russian industrial art from the 1920s and 30s.
The four roundels refer to Soviet textile and porcelain design of 1920 to 1930 and their propaganda capacities celebrating industrialisation, electrification, collective farming and aeronautics. The studio says this era marked the "new human", one trained by the mechanisation of everyday life.
The map’s patterns are inspired by Russian designers Lyubov Popova and Varvara Stepanova, who collaborated together on Constructivist projects during the 1920s, dedicating their work to better the society in which they lived in.
Russian typographer Yuri Gordon designed the font used on the map, and two fabric designs from the collection at Ivanovo Regional Art Museum are featured – The New Village by R. Vasileva and Factory by S. Burylin.
Text has been used by proletarian poet of early post-revolution Russia Alexei Gastev, from the book of poems A Pack of Orders (1921).
Limited edition handmade silkscreen prints are available for international purchase. Find out more here.
Baklazanas creates visual branding and communication design for cultural, educational and governmental institutions. The studio’s clients range from museums and non-profit art spaces to theatres, film producers and universities.
One of their latest projects, Save My Speech Forever, won silver at the European Design Awards and Save Shukhov Tower poster campaign won a Red Dot Design Award in 2015.
Save my Speech Forever is a documentary on the life of the most significant Russian poets of the 20th century Osip Mandelshtam. Baklazanas designed 21 animated chapters of the film, as well as promotional movie posters and a series of promotional illustrations.